Traumatic Cervical spine injury epidemiology: a tertiary care center perspective in Nepal


  • Bikash Parajuli Dhulikhel Hospital
  • Rajiv Sharma
  • Sabik Kayastha
  • Jagadish Thapa
  • Dipak Shrestha



Background: The epidemiology of traumatic cervical spine injury is not well documented in developing/ underdeveloped countries. There are a few single-centered studies on the epidemiology of cervical spine injury in Nepal.

Objectives: This study aimed to explore the epidemiology of traumatic cervical spine injuries presented at Dhulikhel Hospital, Kathmandu University Hospital, Nepal.

Methods: This was a retrospective study of individuals with traumatic cervical spine injuries admitted to the Department of Orthopedics from 2015 January to 2021 December. Data collection was done by using the International Spinal Cord Injury core data set (version 2) and International Spinal Cord Injury Spinal Column Injury Basic Data Set (version 1.0).        

Results: One hundred and forty-four patients were included of which the majority (68.8%) were males. The mean age of the patients was 47.89 ± 17 years. Fall injury was the most common etiology (79.2%). C2 was the most common level injured (28.5%). Patients with ASIA A neurology was 18% and surgical treatment was given to nearly 60%. The patients had a median hospital stay of 9 days (4- 16) and a mortality of 4.2%.

Conclusion: There was a male predominance with a recent increase in the female proportion for traumatic cervical spine injury. Fall was the most common etiology with the majority of patients in their 30s and 40s. Surgical treatment is more preferred recently. The mortality rate was relatively low which needs further investigation.


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Traumatic Cervical spine injury epidemiology: a tertiary care center perspective in Nepal. IJPHAP [Internet]. 2023 Jul. 26 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];2(2). Available from: