Effects of health education program through TikTok application to prevent Opisthorchis viverrini and Cholangiocarcinoma of primary school students in Amnat Charoen, Thailand

Authors

  • Thanu Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University, Thailand
  • Assoc. Prof. Nopparat Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University, Thailand
  • Wilawun Department of Community Health, Faculty of Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand
  • Comsun Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Ubon Ratchathani Rajabhat University, Ubon Ratchathani, Thailand

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.62992/az9sfx38

Keywords:

Cholangiocarcinoma, Health education, Opisthorchiasis, Primary school students, TikTok

Abstract

Background: Opisthorchis viverrini (OV) is Thailand's most important cause of Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). The prevention of such diseases must begin in childhood. They use smartphones or social networking services in multiple applications. TikTok is one of the applications to watch entertainment, news, and information to provide health knowledge.

Objectives: This quasi-experimental study aimed to investigate the effects of a health education program through the TikTok application to prevent OV and CCA among primary school students in Amnat Charoen, Thailand.

Methods: The knowledge tests and data collection were administered before and after the experiment. In the experimental group, 70 students from grade 6 received a health education program through the TikTok application. In the comparison group, 70 students received a health education program through brochures. Two types of research tools were employed: (1) the experimental tool, which was a health education program through the TikTok application, and (2) the data collection tool, which was a questionnaire consisting of 4 parts with Cronbach’s alpha values of 0.72 and 0.75, respectively. The Kuder-Richardson 20 (KR-20) of the knowledge questionnaire was 0.78. The outcome variables were knowledge, health beliefs, and prevention behaviour. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, including frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation, as well as inferential statistics, including paired t-tests and independent t-tests.            

Results: The findings revealed that after the experiment, the experimental group’s mean scores of knowledges (Mean Difference=4.50; 95%CI:3.82-5.17), health beliefs (6.23; 95%CI: 5.08-7.38), and prevention behaviour (4.63; 95%CI: 3.52-5.74) of OV and CCA were significantly higher than those before the experiment (p<0.001).  Also, they were considerably higher than those in the comparison group (p<0.001).

Conclusion:  The health education program through the TikTok application can increase knowledge, health beliefs, and prevention behaviour of OV and CCA among primary school students. Therefore, applying it to other populations and diseases will be helpful.

 

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Published

07-06-2024

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1.
Effects of health education program through TikTok application to prevent Opisthorchis viverrini and Cholangiocarcinoma of primary school students in Amnat Charoen, Thailand. IJPHAP [Internet]. 2024 Jun. 7 [cited 2024 Jun. 20];3(5):94-106. Available from: https://ijphap.com/index.php/home/article/view/77